Gum disease describes a number of dental problems that affect the gums. When discovered and treated early with general dentistry, gum disease is easily reversed. For less severe forms of gum disease, such as gingivitis, improved brushing and flossing techniques are often enough to treat the condition. If gum disease is not treated, the condition will progress and lead to more severe forms.
Periodontitis, which is the name for a more severe kind of gum disease, can cause serious oral health problems. Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis can spread below the gums. If periodontitis is not treated quickly enough, the infection can take root in the soft tissues and the bones that act as an anchor for the teeth. Periodontitis is also linked to the rest of the body as it can cause heart disease and diabetes as well.